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Frederick Douglass

We are celebrating Black History Month all of February and today we will honor the memory of Frederick Douglass, a former slave that devoted his life to the abolition of slavery.

Born into slavery, Frederick Douglass became one of the most respected orators and intellectuals of the time, advising Presidents on abolishing slavery, women’s rights and other topics.

Frederick Augustus Washington Bailey was born into slavery in Talbot County, Maryland, around 1818.

Frederick Douglass was given to Lucretia Auld, the wife of Thomas Auld, following the death of his master. Lucretia sent Frederick to serve her brother-in-law, Hugh Auld, at his Baltimore home. It was at the Auld home that Frederick Douglass first acquired the skills that would vault him to national celebrity. Defying a ban on teaching slaves to read and write, Hugh Auld’s wife Sophia taught Douglass the alphabet when he was around 12. When Hugh Auld forbade his wife’s lessons, Douglass continued to learn from white children and others in the neighborhood.

It is easier to build strong children than to repair broken men.

It was through reading that Douglass’ ideological opposition to slavery began to take shape. He read newspapers avidly, and sought out political writing and literature as much as possible. Hired out to William Freeland, he taught other slaves on the plantation to read the New Testament at a weekly church service. Interest was so great that in any week, more than 40 slaves would attend lessons. Although Freeland did not interfere with the lessons, other local slave owners were less understanding. Armed with clubs and stones, they dispersed the congregation permanently.

In 1833, Thomas Auld took Douglass back from his son Hugh following a dispute. Thomas Auld sent Douglass to work for Edward Covey, who had a reputation as a “slave-breaker.” Covey’s constant abuse did nearly break the 16-year-old Douglass psychologically. Eventually, however, Douglass fought back, in a scene rendered powerfully in his first autobiography. After losing a physical confrontation with Douglass, Covey never beat him again.

Frederick Douglass tried to escape from slavery twice before he succeeded. He was assisted in his final attempt by Anna Murray, a free black woman in Baltimore with whom Douglass had fallen in love. On September 3, 1838, Douglass boarded a train to Havre de Grace, Maryland.

Eventually Douglass was asked to tell his story at abolitionist meetings, after which he became a regular anti-slavery lecturer. William Lloyd Garrison was impressed with Douglass’ strength and rhetorical skill, and wrote of him in The Liberator. Several days after the story ran, Douglass delivered his first speech at the Massachusetts Anti-Slavery Society’s annual convention in Nantucket. Crowds were not always hospitable to Douglass. While participating in an 1843 lecture tour through the Midwest, Douglass was chased and beaten by an angry mob before being rescued by a local Quaker family.

In addition to abolition, Douglass became an outspoken supporter of women’s rights. In 1848, he was the only African American to attend the first women’s rights convention at Seneca Falls, New York.

No man can put a chain about the ankle of his fellow man without at last finding the other end fastened about his own neck.

Elizabeth Cady Stanton asked the assembly to pass a resolution stating the goal of women’s suffrage. Many attendees opposed the idea. Douglass stood and spoke eloquently in favor, arguing that he could not accept the right to vote as a black man if women could not also claim that right.

By the time of the Civil War, Douglass was one of the most famous black men in the country. He used his status to influence the role of African Americans in the war and their status in the country. In 1863, Douglass conferred with President Abraham Lincoln regarding the treatment of black soldiers, and with President Andrew Johnson on the subject of black suffrage.

Frederick Douglass was appointed to several political positions following the war. He served as president of the Freedman’s Savings Bank and as chargé d’affaires for the Dominican Republic. After two years, he resigned from his ambassadorship over objections to the particulars of U.S. government policy. He was later appointed minister-resident and consul-general to the Republic of Haiti, a post he held between 1889 and 1891.

Douglass became the first African American nominated for vice president of the United States, as Victoria Woodhull’s running mate on the Equal Rights Party ticket in 1872. Nominated without his knowledge or consent, Douglass never campaigned. Nonetheless, his nomination marked the first time that an African American appeared on a presidential ballot.

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Apple Re-Paves The Street

After several quarters of top-line revenue stagnation, Apple rebounded in the holiday quarter by returning to growth and posting their best financial results ever. That is a statement in and of itself. Apple has posted some pretty spectacular numbers but this was the best. Apple reported revenue of $78.4 billion and net quarterly profit of $17.9 billion, or $3.36 per diluted share, compared to revenue of $75.9 billion and net quarterly profit of $18.4 billion, or $3.28 per diluted share, in the year-ago quarter. Both revenue and earnings per share were company records.

The so-called expert analysts were calling for sales of $77.4 billion and $3.23 per share profit so Apple handily crushed the street.

To put this is some context, Adrian Kingsley-Hughes calculated that Apple sold 798,877 iPhones a day during the 98 days of the quarter. That is 33,286 each hour or 554 per minute or 9 iPhones each second. All at an average sales price of $695. He also calculated that amounts to about 39,000 metric tons of iPhones. At 100 metric tons per FedEx flight that’s about 400 flights.

That’s just iPhone. Apple Services, Mac and Watch businesses all posted all-time record sales. The App store saw $3 Billion in sales in December, alone! Apple Pay users tripled and Apple saw hundreds of millions of Apple Pay transactions in December.

Mac sales also were very strong with 5.4 million Macs sold this holiday quarter and $7.2 billion in revenue, despite widespread shortages of the new MacBook Pro Touch Bar models. The only negative part of their results was a continued decline in iPad sales at 13.1 million units. I think the iPad is a bit different in terms of the upgrade cycle than an iPhone, hence the softness. I know I don’t trade my iPad often but always want the latest iPhone.

Apple’s cash stash was $246.09 billion which if that was its own public company would be the 13th largest in the world. With the new administration in Washington, repatriating that cash might be a reality this year.

“We’re thrilled to report that our holiday quarter results generated Apple’s highest quarterly revenue ever, and broke multiple records along the way. We sold more iPhones than ever before and set all-time revenue records for iPhone, Services, Mac and Apple Watch,” said Tim Cook, Apple’s CEO. “Revenue from Services grew strongly over last year, led by record customer activity on the App Store, and we are very excited about the products in our pipeline.”

The greatest story in business history continues with these phenomenal results. Congratulations to Tim Cook and the entire Apple team.

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How To Enter Emoji On Your Mac

I remember the first day I got a new computer, ok a new-to-me computer. It was a hand-me-down PC of sorts. I think it ran some DOS operating system and the screen was always orange. AOL had just come out and I loved nothing more than the sound of my modem and the eventual entry into a chat room where I learned things like :-) was a smiley face and :-P meant I was sticking my tongue out.

Fast-forward many years and my basic AOL symbols are now referred to as emojis. I admit the basic smile is probably still my most commonly used one, but there’s a world of emojis out there and they can make everyday conversations just a little bit more fun.

I use emojis frequently on my iPhone and iPad, but it’s just as easy to use emojis on your Mac once you know where to find them. On your Mac it might not be as obvious where you might find these because you can’t just pull them up from your keyboard (unless you know the shortcut). If you want to insert a smiley face in a post with Messages or a note in Mail, you need to use the characters viewer. To bring up the Character viewer in most Mac apps, choose edit > emoji & symbols or use the keyboard shortcut: Command-Control-Space. When the characters viewer opens you can insert an emoji from a few different ways, you might need to play around and see which method works best depending on which app you are using.

*While the curser is active in a text area, double-click a character in the viewer.
*Drag a character out of the viewer and into a text area.
*Drag a character out of the viewer to the Desktop to create a text clipping with it. Then drag that text clipping anywhere you can type.

Once you insert a character or emoji, it will appear in the frequently used category. You can feel free to add your most commonly used emojis to your favorites category. You’ll find all the same emojis on your Mac as you do on iPhone, making your conversations on your Mac now just as fun as those on your iPhone or iPad.

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Customize Your Toolbar

Many Mac users don’t realize just how customizable their Macs are, and a part of the Mac interface that’s simultaneously among the most useful and the most overlooked is the toolbar that appears in every Finder window.

By default, the toolbar contains buttons for navigating back and forth, changing the view, arranging the files in the window, performing a variety of actions, sharing the selected file, working with tags, and searching. There’s nothing wrong with these controls, and you may even use them regularly.

But those defaults are just the tip of the iceberg. Choose View > Customize Toolbar and a dialog appears with a slew of additional controls that you can drag to the toolbar, after which they appear in every Finder window. None of these controls are unique—they’re all available from Finder menus and via keyboard shortcuts—but it’s often easier to click a button that’s front and center in a Finder window rather than hunting through menus or trying to remember a key combo.

The most useful toolbar controls include:

Arrange: The choices in this menu let you group files and folders by different criteria, such as file kind, what app owns each file, or the date each file was modified. It’s great when you’re working in a folder with a lot of similar files.

Action: This menu duplicates many of the options in the Finder’s File menu but can be easier to access.
Space/Flexible Space: Drag Space to the toolbar to separate controls by a fixed amount so you can group related items. Flexible Space works similarly, except it can expand or contract to match the window width.

*New Folder: *Click it and you get a new folder. Handy, if unsurprising.

Delete: Equally unsurprising is the Delete button, which moves selected files and folders to the Trash when you click it.

Search: Enter some text here to search for it within your files (or choose the “Name matches” item that pops down from the Search field to search for it in just filenames). You can set the default search to be the entire Mac or just the current folder in Finder > Preferences > Advanced.

Share: When you want to share a file with someone else, look here for sharing extensions for AirDrop, Mail, Messages, and more. You can also import files into some apps, like Notes, using the Share menu.

Edit/Add Tags: If you rely on Finder tags to group and find related files, this menu makes it easy to add and edit tags for selected files and folders.

Don’t miss the Show pop-up menu, which lets you customize your toolbar to show icons with names, just icons, or only text.

What if you want to get rid of a toolbar button? Just drag it off the toolbar while the Customize Toolbar dialog is open. But that’s not all!

While the Customize Toolbar dialog is open, you can drag buttons around on the toolbar to rearrange them. Even better, you can drag any app, document, or folder into the toolbar (from another Finder window) to add it. It’s a great place to put that spreadsheet you open every day or the utility app you use to upload a weekly report. You can even drop a file on an app in the toolbar to open the document in that app.

To modify the toolbar quickly without opening the Customize Toolbar dialog, just hold down the Command key. With that key down, you can move items around on the toolbar, drag unnecessary items off, and drag new files on.

No matter what you do on your Mac, taking a few minutes to customize the toolbar with controls you’ll use and your primary apps and documents will make using the Mac faster and easier every day. Give it a try!

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I will be getting my new MacBook Pro which will sport four Thunderbolt 3 ports and I am going to need to connect various things to my new Mac. Actually, I really only have my display because I have gone wireless with keyboard, mouse and printer. Back at my Vermont office, though, when I get back I will have a USB scanner, a USB keyboard, a USB backup drive and a display to deal with so I thought it would be a good time to review the various Thunderbolt 3 and USB-C adapters from Apple. While Apple provides quite a few, 3rd party companies also have some handy adapters. For this article we will stick with Apple products.

Okay, first what is the difference between USB-C and Thunderbolt 3? USB-C basically describes the port and cable end. The USB-C port is used by ThunderBolt 3 to provide additional capabilities. Basically, Thunderbolt 3 runs on USB-C so with Thunderbolt 3 you can enjoy 40Gbps bandwidth and reduced power consumption, while being able to move as much as 100 watts of power. A USB-C port with Thunderbolt 3 means a single cable is all you need to power and move a large amount of information, up to and including two 60Hz 4K displays. It is also bi-directional with four lanes of PCI Express Gen 3 and eight lanes of DisplayPort 1.2. Computer companies are quickly taking advantage of the new Thunderbolt 3 standard and as usual Apple is leading the way.

Apple USB-C Digital AV Multiport Adapter

This is the first Apple adapter I will buy. It connects to one of the Thunderbolt 3 ports on the new MacBook Pros or the USB-C port on a MacBook. The USB-C Digital AV Multiport Adapter lets you connect to an HDMI display, while also connecting a standard USB device and a USB-C charging cable. This will be perfect – I can use my existing large display, connect my charger and have a free USB port.

This adapter also allows you to mirror your MacBook or MacBook Pro display to your HDMI-enabled TV in up to 1080p at 60Hz or UHD (3840 by 2160) at 30Hz. It also outputs video content like movies and captured video. Simply connect the adapter to the USB-C port on your MacBook or any of the Thunderbolt 3 (USB-C) ports on your MacBook Pro and then to your TV or projector via an HDMI cable.

Use the standard USB port to connect devices such as your flash drive or camera or a USB cable for syncing and charging your iPhone, iPad, or iPod. You can also connect a charging cable to the USB-C port to charge your MacBook or MacBook Pro.

Apple USB-C VGA Multiport Adapter

This is the same adapter but instead of HDMI connector it provides a VGA connector. Most modern displays and TVs have HDMI so you will probably want the HDMI adapter.

Apple Thunderbolt 3 to Thunderbolt 2 Adapter

The Thunderbolt 3 (USB-C) to Thunderbolt 2 Adapter lets you connect Thunderbolt and Thunderbolt 2 devices — external hard drives and Thunderbolt displays, for example — to any of the Thunderbolt 3 (USB-C) ports on your MacBook Pro. As a bidirectional adapter, it can also connect new Thunderbolt 3 devices to a Mac with a Thunderbolt or Thunderbolt 2 port. It will NOT work with the MacBooks USB-C ports. If you have a wired ethernet network you might want this adapter and the Apple Thunderbolt to Gigabit Ethernet adapter to connect to the network. I will need this once I am back in Vermont to connect to our secure wired network.

Apple USB-C to USB Adapter

The USB-C to USB Adapter lets you connect iOS devices and many of your standard USB accessories to a MacBook with USB-C port or MacBook Pro with Thunderbolt 3 (USB-C) ports.

Plug the USB-C end of the adapter into the USB-C port on your MacBook or any Thunderbolt 3 (USB-C) port on your MacBook Pro, and then connect your flash drive, camera, or other standard USB device. You can also connect a Lightning to USB cable to sync and charge your iPhone, iPad, or iPod although I think I might just invest in one of the Apple USB-C to Lightning cables.

Apple USB-C to Lightning Cable

Okay so you have a brand new iPhone and a brand new MacBook Pro. How do you connect them? Well, unfortunately Apple has not moved to USB-C for their iPhones yet, so if you want to connect your iPhone to your new MacBook or MacBook Pro you will either need an adapter or this cable.

Connect your iPhone, iPad, or iPod with Lightning connector to your MacBook with USB-C port or MacBook Pro with Thunderbolt 3 (USB-C) ports for syncing and charging.

You can also use this cable with your Apple 29W, 61W, or 87W USB-C Power Adapter to charge your iOS device, and even take advantage of the fast-charging feature on the 12.9-inch iPad Pro. It comes in 1m or 2m lengths.

Right now, Apple has reduced all the prices on USB-C cables and adapters so it is not a bad time to gear up.

Third-party adapters may provide some additional features such as Belkin’s USB-C to Ethernet adapter or some adapters that incorporate multiple ports that might make hooking up easier. My ultimate goal will be a USB-C/Thunderbolt 3 display that will have multiple ports built-in. Apple has teamed up with LG for some that are on sale now but I’ll bet I find a bunch more at the Consumer Electronics Show coming up in January!

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